Alcohol is absorbed through the walls of the small intestine, before being transported throughout the body by the blood.
The liver is the organ which is primarily responsible for metabolizing alcohol, and is able to process only a certain amount per hour.
For this reason, the quantity and speed of consumption must be controlled. The body is only able to process 90% of the alcohol consumed, with the remaining 10% being expelled through other means such as breath, sweat, tears and breastmilk.
It depends on factors such as gender, age, weight and height, among others.
Men have a greater hepatic capacity, that is, their liver is able to metabolize alcohol more rapidly.
A healthy liver is able to metabolize around one standard drink of 10 grams of pure alcohol per hour (men) or hour and a half (women).
This data is approximate, and is calculated for a healthy person of average weight and height.
When drinking alcohol, people become uninhibited from the first glass. By the third glass, information processing is impaired. Then, by around the fifth glass, there is a delay in reactions and responses, and a lack of control over psychomotor functions.
Drinking wine in moderation forms part of a healthy lifestyle, according to the guidelines on encouraging healthy habits and lifestyles among the population promoted by the WHO. It has been widely demonstrated that moderate wine consumption provides health benefits, which together with an active, balanced and healthy lifestyle, can lead to health improvements. We highlight some of these benefits: